The Ngwenyama is considered the head of the nation alongside the Ndlovukati who is the spiritual leader of the nation. National cultural events often involve the Ngwenyama or Ndlovukati. At home, the patriach of the family is the head and in the past, often practiced polygamy. This headman, usually referred to as umnumzane is central to all activities of the home. A group of homes forming a community and the land they reside on forms a chiefdom or umphakatsi. Several chiefdoms form an inkhundla which then belongs of a regional division of the country. This connects the older traditional leadership structures to more modern forms of government. There are national cultural events such as umhlanga, emaganu and incwala which take place at Royal residences of the Ngwenyama and Ndlovukati. Local cultural events in communities or imiphakatsi, take place at the residence of the chief also called emphakatsini.
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The Ngwenyama is considered the head of the nation alongside the Ndlovukati who is the spiritual leader of the nation. National cultural events often involve the Ngwenyama or Ndlovukati. At home, the patriach of the family is the head and in the past, often practiced polygamy. This headman, usually referred to as umnumzane is central to all activities of the home.
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Ngwenya  Most of these Kalanga surnames given above are available in their various translated forms. For example, the surnames are rendered as follows in many cases: A look at these surnames reveals that millions of people who have them today are not generally identified as Kalanga, which is a result of the year dispersion of the Great Nation of Bukalanga.
Explaining how our surnames got to be translated into these various languages. Bulawayo historian Pathisa Nyathi explains: In dealing with … Kalanga people, we need to look at the situation before the arrival of the Ndebele. The Kalanga had surnames that they were using whose language the Ndebele did not understand. It became necessary for the Kalanga to give equivalents for their surnames. Long after colonialism there was a time when many Kalanga people sought to change their surnames into Ndebele.
This was their way of fighting inferiority complex [imposed by the Ndebele] Nyathi , Online. A lot of disputations came my way to the effect that it cannot be true that all people who use animal and body parts names for their surnames have their origins in Bukalanga. The biggest charge was that if this be the case, how then is the existence of these surnames all the way from Mpumalanga to KwaZulu-Natal explained.
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Rates quoted are only applicable to South African Residents. Special discounted rates for International Residents are available on request A Sabi Sand Gate entrance fee of R per vehicle and R per person is applicable and is payable directly at the Gate. Valid until further notice and subject to change. It faces due east, catching the sun as it rises over the Kruger National Park. There are 12 Luxury and 8 Superior Luxury thatched rooms.
All rooms have en-suite bathrooms, are air-conditioned, have a mini-bar, telephone access and overhead fans. The rooms are linked to all areas by raised wooden walkways and all have private viewing decks. The Superior Luxury rooms are more spacious and have an outdoor shower. Lion Sands River Lodge comprises the following: It is positioned on a site with trees dating back years. It is hosted by a family of staff that will make it feel like home from home.
Relax, enjoy and experience African hospitality at its finest The lodge has recently undergone a major refurbishment. Lion Sands has exclusive access to the Sabie River.
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History[ edit ] The earliest known forms of African sculpture in southern Africa dating back to AD were found in the area in the late s. Lydenburg was founded in by a group of Voortrekkers under the leadership of Andries Potgieter when they abandoned their previous settlement Ohrigstad to the north due to a malaria epidemic. Lydenburg became important because it was on the wagon route to the port of Delagoa Bay now Maputo Bay which was free of British control.
The first wagons arrived in Lydenburg from Delagoa Bay in On 6 February alluvial gold was discovered and within 3 months the Lydenburg goldfields was proclaimed. It was from here that the ill-fated 94th Regiment under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Robert Anstruther marched to Pretoria. The remainder of the garrison at Lydenburg was besieged from 6 January ,  following Long’s refusal to surrender the garrison on 23 December In Lydenburg became a municipality.
A side street in Lydenburg Name change[ edit ] In June it was announced that Arts and Culture minister, Pallo Jordan , approved the name change of Lydenburg to Mashishing meaning “long, green grass”. However one of the rural areas outside Lydenburg is called Mashishing. Road signs still say Lydenburg and businesses and local building such as the “Lydenburg Museum” have still kept the old name.
The town of Lydenburg, in Mpumalanga Province, was founded in by the company of Voortrekker leader Andries Potgieter who had abandoned their first settlement -Ohrigstad. It was once the capital of its own independent republic, and still boasts some of the best preserved Zuid Afrikaanse and old Transvaal architecture in the country.
Lydenburg, which means “place of suffering” was founded by these pioneering Voortrekkers fleeing malaria and the debilitating heat of lower lying areas in the early s. But, although Lydenburg was healthier, marauding Bapedi armies under the leadership of Kgosi Sekhukhune fought a series of bloody pitched battles with the settlers, monuments to which can still be seen in the area.
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The Village comprises the following: The Artist’s Retreat a renovated farm house – a refined bush retreat in Africa for creative minds, The Writer’s Cottage a renovated cottage , a Manager’s House, staff accommodation, a thatched roof Garden Studio, a 40ft container donated by Safmarine, a vegetable garden, a creche and a basic health support centre and a Training Development Centre. The Foundation had humble beginnings in an old farm house where unemployed people from the neighbouring Lebowa Tribal Trust Land were trained in a variety of craft art skills and their products sold to enable them to earn an income.
The Foundation started its work with two part-time craft artists and now employs 26 people on a full-time basis. Modjadji Cycad Forest back to top Cycad Encephalartos transvenosis. A significant part of the Modjadji dynasty was formed by these cycads and the history of the Rain Queen is preserved in a small museum at the entrance to the reserve.
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Life Size, Accurate and artistic: Pre-Historic animals – open 7 days a week. The Sudwala Dinosaur Park offers children an exciting and educational glimpse into the world of Dinosaurs and other pre-historic animals. It is situated next to the Sudwla Caves in a lush, sub-tropical forest garden where beautiful cabbage trees, cycads, monkeys and birds abound.
Through countless eons the swirling whirlpools which occur as the Treur River plunges into the Blyde River, caused waterborne sand and rock to grind huge, cylindrical potholes into the bedrock of the river. The Potholes were named after a gold digger, Tom Bourke, who staked a claim nearby.
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Barberton Geology Greenstone Belts occur as belts of deformed volcanic and sedimentary strata and get their name from the presence of green minerals Actinolite, amphiboles,Chromium muscovite “fuchsite”, epidote, green chlorite and serpentine These ancient rocks are among the oldest in the World. The Barberton Greenstone belt is one of the oldest and best exposed Archaean greenstone belts on Earth and is almost 3.
It is known world wide in geological circles as a treasure house of other significant geological phenomenae. These ancient rocks are 3. If you were able to travel back in time to visit Earth during the Archaean period you would not recognize it as the same planet we inhabit today. It was during this time, that the Earth’s crust cooled enough in order for rocks and continental plates to begin forming.
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Activities Ithala Game Reserve is situated near Louwsberg in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, rolling down from the Ngotshe Mountains into a deep river valley characterised by incredibly ancient rock formations. Ithala Game Reserve is an easy 5 hour drive from Johannesburg and a 4 hour drive from Durban. The roads to Ithala are tarred all the way. Ithala boasts a wide and diverse range of habitats and landscapes, characterized by deep filled valleys and gorges, clear streams cascading over bellowing waterfalls into deep pools, and expansive grasslands.
The absence of lion makes for a relaxed atmosphere, where these animals and other game such as Zebra, Blue Wildebeest and a wide variety of antelope graze peacefully. After years of near extinction from this area, Redbilled Oxpeckers were reintroduced to the reserve and these birds can now be spotted at Ithala.
From the north coast, guests can travel via Pongola and Magudu. From Pietermaritzburg, travel is best via Ladysmith, Dundee and Vryheid. By Air Ithala has a airstrip that can be used – details and required procedures on request.
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Best First Date Ideas in Mpumalanga. Nelspruit is very close to the famous Kruger National Park, which means for those who are looking for a wildlife date, the options are endless.
Lygia addressed and conducted a workshop with 22 Educators. Charles, Presheila and Lalita met with Dr S. We also made some requests to assist us in our work. Effingham Primary School, a continuation of workshops started on 19 August were held. Logan and Lalita; Sabitha and Presheila handled the administration. Participants were greatly impacted by the presentation.
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Features Vulture Conservation in South Africa As southern Africa’s only endemic vulture species, the Cape vulture population has been reduced to an estimated 2, breeding pairs across its range. Listed as ‘Endangered’ by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature IUCN , breeding pairs of Cape vultures are no longer found in Swaziland, Zimbabwe and Namibia, and conservationists in South Africa are working hard at trying to prevent these magnificent birds from becoming extinct altogether.
The biggest threat to vultures is humans, as the birds collide with power lines and wind-turbines, are poisoned – either accidently through veterinary medicines present in the carcasses they feed on, or deliberately as some landowners see them as a nuisance — and suffer from food shortages as humans encroach on once uninhabited land and land predators are displaced.
Cape vultures live together in large colonies, favouring layered sandstone and quartzite rock ledges as nesting spots and tell-tale fecal white-washed cliff sides make it easy to identify where Cape vultures are nesting.
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Ngwenya lodge 6slp November R De Loft has 25 luxurious en-suite rooms an offers comfort, impeccable service and thoughtful hospitality. Each room is decorated uniquely and offers a well-stocked honesty bar. We offer rooms with twin beds, rooms with double beds and family room R 1, Published in: Come and enjoy our fully equipped units with Wifi, aircon, Dstv, braai facilities and many more.
Our units come standard with our warm atmosphere and pure elegance. Each and everyone of our units are different to the other giving you a surprise around each corner.